Latest publications

2016

Foreign affairs have always involved a degree of secrecy and the EU external action is no exception. Out of security concerns and to protect the confidentiality of international negotiations, EU foreign policy actors such as the Council and the European External Action Service (EEAS) manage...

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Inside and Outside: EU External Relations in Focus (2016:13)

For some developing countries, the compensation for fisheries agreements with the European Union constitutes 30–50 per cent of the total government budget. In this report, Johan Blomquist, Cecilia Hammarlund and Staffan Waldo (AgriFood Economics Centre) analyse the effects of the EU’s...

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The economic gains from EU membership is in theory fairly straightforward and above all related to having access to the internal market. However, it is much more complicated to show empirically that countries gain from being members of the Union. This policy brief discusses evidence from models...

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Sweden and the Euro: The Neglected Role of EU Membership (2016:15epa)

According to the treaty, the EU´s policies for border control, asylum and immigration should be guided by a principle of solidarity and responsibility distribution. The EU has also decided that member states has a shared responsibility for asylum seekers, i.e. that asylum seekers in Italy and...

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The law and practice of solidarity in the Common European Asylum System: Article 80 TFEU and its added value (2016:14epa)

The relation between the EU and Belarus through the Eastern Partnership framework is complex. The country's domestic authoritarian character as well as its foreign policy balancing act between the EU and the Eurasian Economic Union hinders the implementation of major reform packages. In this...

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The EU and Belarus: seizing the opportunity? (2016:13epa)

Finding ways to boost Europe’s economic growth in today’s post-crisis world is more important than ever. In this European Policy Analysis, the authors investigate which factors drive productivity across Europe’s regions. While regions in ‘old’ Europe mainly rely on internal sources such as human...

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Regional Productivity Convergence in Advanced and Emerging European Economies (2016:12epa)

The presence of effective tools for cooperation and mutual assistance between national authorities is essential to bring effectiveness to the internal market. The Internal Market Information System (IMI) is one such tool used to remove obstacles to the internal market by offering a technical...

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Linked National Public Authorities – a Study on IMI (2016:11)
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Sweden is sometimes viewed as having been less successful than Denmark and Finland in EU agricultural negotiations. At the same time, studies have shown that Sweden is generally perceived as an attractive negotiation partner within the EU. The authors of this report compare how well the Nordic...

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Success Factors in EU Agricultural Negotiations (2016:10)

The Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) entered into force on 1 January 2015, as an organisation for regional economic integration between Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia. Later that same year Armenia and Kyrgyzstan also joined. Meanwhile, relations between Russia and the EU have grown increasingly...

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The Eurasian Economic Union and the European Union: Geopolitics, Geo-Economics and Opportunities for Europe (2016:11epa)
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The number of refugees that have reached the borders of the EU during 2015 and 2016 have put the international asylum system to the test. How individual member states respond to the calls to help people on the run, expose differences in how these states interpret international refugee laws....

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Responses to the “refugee crisis”: What is the role of self-image among EU countries? (2016:10epa)

Swedish attitudes towards the EU are often described as ambiguous and utilitarian. In this Sieps analysis of the SOM Institute survey 2015, the authors elaborate on issues such as Swedish support for EU membership, attitudes towards a hypothetical Euro membership and the estimation of how the EU...

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Swedes attitudes towards the EU has stabilised: An analysis of the SOM Institute 2015 survey (2016:9epa)

During the last decade, Sweden was criticized by the European Commission for having a low number of preliminary references sent to the European Court of Justice by Swedish courts. Since then, new case law has emerged along with an amendment of the Swedish statute. This report – a follow-up to a...

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Preliminary rulings by the European Court of Justice - Swedish courts' attitude and practice 2010-2016 (2016:9)
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The outcome of the UK referendum on membership of the European Union prompted a considerable interest in the modalities of a member state’s withdrawal from the EU. This new European Policy Analysis examines the specific provisions governing this process, viz. Article 50 in the Treaty on European...

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Leaving the European Union, the Union way (2016:8epa)

Direct elections to the European Parliament started in 1979. However, participation in these elections has always been significantly lower than participation in national elections. This report investigates the turnout in the 2014 elections to the European Parliament. It pays particular attention...

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This report proposes a way to break the current refugee crisis deadlock between EU Member States. The authors explore ways in which physical and financial solidarity among EU Member States can be combined and propose a mechanism that allows for an exchange of refugee-admission quotas for...

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The negotiations of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the EU and the US began in July 2013 with the ambition to conclude the negotiations before the end of President Barack Obama´s term in January 2017. This brief outlines what the parties are trying to achieve,...

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Around one million refugees and migrants are said to have made their way to Europe crossing the Mediterranean last year. The European Union is still struggling to find durable solutions to the situation, but what really applies to the handling of refugees at sea? Which set of rules govern EU-...

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Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) account for close to 70 per cent of employment in the EU. However, as they are still heavily dependent on traditional bank financing, especially in comparison with their US counterparts, the European Commission recently launched a plan for a Capital...

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The European Court of Justice plays a central role in the EU, but its importance as a political arena for conflicts regarding how to interpret the EU´s legislation is less known. In this report, based on unique material, the authors analyse how the Member States position themselves within the...

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The Lisbon Treaty granted the EU with legislative power in the area of criminal law, which is a development that SIEPS has paid attention to in several previous publications.  In the current report, the author sheds new light on the area by comparing the evolving EU criminal justice law with US...

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Since the Treaty of Lisbon, the EU has had an express competence in humanitarian aid. This development entails numerous legal and institutional challenges, which this timely report analyses, while identifying ways to address them. This study is the sixth report SIEPS publishes in the context of...

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Russia’s intervention in eastern Ukraine and annexation of Crimea in 2014 sent shock waves through Europe. It also exposed the inadequacies of the EU’s relationship with its most powerful neighbour, Russia.  In this highly timely analysis, the author, Derek Averre, focuses on the fundamental...

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Numerous bilateral investment treaties (BITs) were signed between the incumbent Member States and the Central and Eastern European Member States prior to the latter becoming full Union members. While motivated at the time, the compatibility of these BITs with the internal market is in question....

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This European policy analysis provides an overview of how smuggling has been framed over time in the European Union, and questions what the effects are of criminalising human smuggling for the protection of international migrants. The author finds that policies that effectively aim at reducing...

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While there are many benefits to free mobility, it may also facilitate cross-border criminality. Human trafficking is today the third biggest international criminal activity and it is also one of the most profitable. At the same time, as with many cross-border aspects the EU is a suitable actor...

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Unauthorized immigration is on the rise again in the EU. This European policy analysis surveys economic aspects of irregular immigration to the EU and draws on important lessons from the U.S. The authors conclude that successfully addressing irregular migration requires considerable coordination...

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The consequences of the Eurozone crisis has spurred increased coordination of member state public finances at European level. This also entails the scrutiny of socio-economic issues within the framework of the European semester. However, this process also includes aspects of negotiation in which...

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Contentious changes in the laws of Poland and Hungary have deepened concerns about disregard for the rule of law in the European Union. This analysis suggests that Member States have entrusted the Union with a legal mandate and means to ensure respect for the rule of law, including at national...

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