The European Commission at half-time: What has been achieved?
When Jean-Claude Juncker took over the presidency of the European Commission in November 2014, he promised a "more political" and less technocratic Commission during the forthcoming term of office.
What does Britain want? Brexit and the new political dynamics of the UK
More than half a year ago, a majority of the British electorate voted for leaving the EU. So, what has happened since and what is to be expected?
Policy conditionality – a new instrument in the EU budget post-2020?
The EU is facing a range of significant long-term challenges with budget implications. In this context, both the EU institutions and the Member States seem intent on focussing more on the concept of European added value. One much debated budget instrument is policy conditionality.
Greening Farm Payments under the 2013 CAP Reforms: A Major Stride towards “Sustainable Agriculture”?
The 2013 reforms of the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) introduced a “greening component” with regard to agricultural practices beneficial for the climate and the environment.
The Future of the EU Budget (2017:6)
A new round of negotiations on the EU’s Multiannual Financial Framework, which runs from 2021, will soon begin. A mayor net payer to the budget are leaving the EU and an increasing number of internal and external challenges have been added to the agenda in recent years, making the negotiations more complex, perhaps, than ever before.
The EU budget after 2020 (2017:9epa)
Brexit will be a major factor influencing the negotiations on the new Multi-annual Financial Framework (MFF), which will set the rules for the EU budget in the next couple of years starting in 2021.